Human effort on improving agricultural crops has been expanding very rapidly, and recently by using gene transformation technology it was possible to. Sekretariat Jurnal Ilmu Tanah dan Lingkungan, Departemen Ilmu Tanah dan Sumberdaya Lahan, Fakultas Pertanian, Institut Pertanian Bogor Jl. Meranti Lt 5. Tanaman jagung transgenik telah diperoleh dari transformasi mengunakan Agrobacterium dari eksplan A dan HiII. HiII adalah hibrida dari A x B
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An alternative technique to improve plant resistance to insect pests is plant transformation using the genetic engineering technology.
Several transgenic plants resistant to insect have been produced and commercially released to environment in some industrial and developing countries. Before release, transgenic plants need to be assessed for their potential risks to human health and environment.
One of the environmental risk assessments is the potential risk to non-target insects, including the biocontrol insects. Laboratories, glasshouse, and field experiments have been yanaman the study of the impact of transgenic plant resistance to insect, especially transgenic Bt plants to the population of predators and parasitoids.
However the results were controversial. The objective of this review is to inform some of controversial results, and to suggest serial experiments need trznsgenik be done to solve the problem.
The impact of the transgenic plant resistance to insects depends on several factors, such as genes that are used to transform the plants, the kind of plant pests, and the kind and stages of the insect natural enemies.
Results of the experiments were influenced by sites of the experiments laboratory, glasshouse, or field and contact of the natural enemies to the toxin. Some experiments showed that the transgenic Bt plants have no impact iurnal the natural enemies population, and otherwise. Due transgdnik the controversial results, the experiment and assessment should be done in depth and carefully studied.
KEANEKARAGAMAN ARTHROPODA PADA TANAMAN JAGUNG TRANSGENIK | Tambunan | AGROEKOTEKNOLOGI
A sequential experiments need to be adopted to avoid the misleading interpretation, and the assessment need to be based on a case by case study. Article Tools Print this article. How to cite item. Email this article Login required.
Email the author Login required. About The Author Bahagiawati A. User Username Password Remember me. Language Select Language English Indonesian. Abstract An alternative technique to improve plant resistance to insect pests is plant transformation using the genetic engineering technology.
Keywords Transgenic Bt plants, potential risks, impact to biocontrol insects.