E.O. Wilson Biophilia Center, Freeport, FL. 9K likes. The E.O. Wilson Biophilia Center. Biophilia hypothesis, idea that humans possess an innate tendency to seek connections with nature and other forms of life. The term biophilia. Abstract: J. Krčmářová: E.O. Wilson’s concept of biophilia and the environmental movement in the USA. – Klaudyán, 6,. No. 1–2, pp. 4– The following article.
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Biophilia hypothesisidea that humans possess an innate tendency to seek connections with nature and other forms of life. Wilson in his work Biophiliawhich proposed that the tendency of humans to focus on and to affiliate e.o.wileon nature and other life-forms has, in part, a genetic basis.
Anecdotal and qualitative evidence suggests that humans are innately attracted to nature. For example, the appearance of the natural world, with its rich diversity of shapes, colours, and life, is universally appreciated.
E.o.wilxon appreciation is often invoked as evidence of biophilia. Such spiritual experience and widespread affiliations with natural metaphors appear to be rooted in the evolutionary history of the human species, originating in eras when people lived in much closer contact with nature than most do today. Human divergence from the natural world appears to have occurred in parallel with technological developmentswith advances in the 19th and 20th centuries having the most significant biophilka, fundamentally changing human interactions with nature.
In its most literal sense, this separation was made possible by the construction of enclosed and relatively sterile spaces, from homes to workplaces to cars, in which modern humans were sheltered from the elements of nature and in which many, particularly people living in more-developed countries, now spend the majority of their time.
Some of the most powerful evidence for an innate connection between humans and nature comes from studies of biophobia the fear of naturein which measurable physiological responses are produced upon exposure to an object that is the source of fear, such as a snake or a spider. These responses are the result of evolution in a world in which humans were constantly vulnerable to predators, poisonous plants and animals, and natural phenomena such as thunder and lightning.
Biophilia — Edward O. Wilson | Harvard University Press
Fear was a fundamental connection with nature that enabled survival, and, as a result, humans needed to maintain a close relationship with their environmentusing sights and sounds as vital cues, particularly for fight-or-flight responses.
Genes that influence biophilia have not been identified, and it is suspected that the increased dependence of the human species on technology has led to an attenuation in the human drive to connect with nature. Wilson and others have argued that such declines in biophilic behaviour could remove meaning from nature, translating into a loss of human respect for the natural world.
In fact, the loss of desire to interact with the natural world, resulting in a decreased appreciation for the diversity of life-forms that support human survival, has been cited as a potential factor contributing to environmental destruction and the rapid rate of species extinction.
Thus, reestablishing the human connection with nature has become an important theme in conservation. In BiophiliaWilson introduced a conservation ethic based on multiple dimensions of the innate relationship humans share with nature. His notion of environmental stewardship drew on various concepts, including the practical dependence of humans on nature, which centres on the ecological services e.
Biophilia has been explored by researchers in a wide range of fields, and, as a result, its meaning and significance have been variously interpreted. Juxtaposed to the notion that biophilia competes with the human technological drive is the notion that technology is in itself an extension of human evolution and biophilia.
Among the collection of views the work presented were those of American biologists Lynn Margulis and Dorion Sagan and Indian ecologist Madhav Gadgil, who considered the possibility that the human attraction to other life-forms is reflected in the diversity of technological developments e.o.silson exist in the world today.
Some of these technologies, including those employed in molecular biology and genetic engineeringhave enabled scientists to develop entirely new forms of life, with which humans are e.o.eilson fascinated. The idea that technology feeds the human biophilic drive also finds support in the search for life on other planets see extraterrestrial life.
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Dec 7, See Article History. The human relationship with nature Anecdotal and qualitative evidence suggests that humans are innately attracted to nature. Biophilia and conservation Genes that influence biophilia have not been identified, and it is suspected that the increased dependence of the human species on technology has led to an attenuation in the human drive to connect with nature.
Biophilia and technology Biophilia has been explored by researchers in a wide range of fields, and, as a result, its meaning and significance have been variously interpreted. Kara Rogers Learn More in these related Britannica articles: Lifeliving matter and, as such, matter that shows certain attributes that include responsiveness, growth, metabolism, energy transformation, and reproduction. Although a noun, as with other defined entities, the word life might be better cast as a verb to reflect its essential status as a process.
Life comprises individuals, living…. Erich FrommGerman-born American psychoanalyst and social philosopher who explored the interaction between psychology and society. He was also the foremost proponent of sociobiology, boophilia study of the genetic basis of the social behaviour of all animals, including humans.
Animalkingdom Animaliaany of a group of multicellular eukaryotic organisms i. They are thought to have evolved independently from the unicellular eukaryotes. Animals differ from members of the two other kingdoms of multicellular eukaryotes,…. Help us improve this article! Contact our editors with your feedback. Introduction The human relationship with giophilia Biophilia and conservation Biophilia and technology. You may find it helpful to search within the site to see e.o.qilson similar or related subjects are covered.
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