Vadyba ir valdymas pagal ekonomikos terminų žodyną planavimą, organizavimą, motyvavimą ir kontrolę organizacijos tikslams pasiekti. Fabijonas Saulius Butkus. Vilnius Gediminas Technical F. S. Butkus. number of professionals in .. Butkus, F. S. Vadyba: organizacijos veiklos ope-. Socialiniai mokslai, vadyba ir administravimas (03 S) . Lithuanian researchers Butkus (), Butkus (), Šalčius (), Zakarevičius (), . Probleminių žmonių motyvavimas kaip organizacijos potencialo panaudojimo didinimo.

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Skip to main content. Log In Sign Up. Constructing Soviet cultural vzdyba Research is organized in organizacljos research environments and doctoral studies mainly in gradu- ate iir. A Journey into the Soviet Governance of Culture Theoretical Framework and Method Calculable Culture on Display Setting the Preconditions for the Scientific Governance of Culture The Beginnings of Soviet Lithuanian Cybernetics Cybernetic Rationalisation of Culture: From Knowledge to Steering From Hope to Discontent: Cultural Policy in Conflict with Calculating Communism The Budget of the Soviet Union: Expenditures Buktus 2.

Exceptions were made for traditional uses of famous names, for example Trotsky. The original transliteration was retained in texts quoted in English. Lithuanian is used in the original spelling, bktkus when the names are better known in their anglicised versions, like Shtromas and Misiunas.

When considered important, translations of the titles were provided. Thank you for your inspiring ideas, thorough read- ing of my drafts and invigorating discussions! Linas Eriksonas has to be acknowledged for his clairvoyance. InI com- plained to Linas about an incredible lack of published research on Soviet cul- tural policy after World War II, at which he only shrugged his shoulders and said that then I had no choice but to write such a history.

I thought that he could not be serious. Five organizacijoa later and here is this book. The writing of the thesis has benefited from several research environments. I am indebted to oeganizacijos the col- leagues and visiting scholars who came to the seminars and provided insightful comments about my work.

For their generous and useful comments at various stages of my research I am most grateful to Romuald J. It was most enjoyable and inspiring to discuss Soviet techno-sciences with Paul Josephson in the most diverse places, such as buses, trains and boats as we traversed Karelia and the Kola peninsula, the White Sea and Belomor Canal in Russia Petersburg Centre for Independent Research for organising the great field-trip to the Russian European North and its industrial, scientific and vavyba environments!

Additionally I would like to express my thanks to Sari Autio-Sarasmo for in- cluding me in her stimulating project Knowledge through the Iron Curtain: I am grateful to all project team members for their useful comments! BEEGS, surely, boasts the most efficient, kindest and cybernetised administra- tion one could think of.

Darbas. Vadyba. Gyvenimas by Fabijonas Saulius Butkus

I would also like to thank to Mireille Key for correcting my English. Discussion with fellow doctoral students has proved an invaluable source of inspiration butkud encouragement. The book would have been organizaacijos without all the kind people who helped me in various capacities to conduct my fieldwork.

First and foremost, I would like to express my gratitude to the informants — people, who very generously shared their time and knowledge with me. I am grateful to the staff of the fol- lowing institutions for their helpful work: When doing fieldwork in Lithuania, I received friendly support from vsdyba number of institutions and people.


The Centre of Contemporary Arts in Vilnius is a real node of international flows of artists and scholars and I was privileged to be part of them.

Simon Rees, I am greatly indebt vsdyba you for your incredible cooking but also invaluable New Zealandian perspective on things Soviet and Lithuanian. Rasa and Remigijus never failed to collect me from Vilnius airport, regardless of the hour or a day of the week. Thank you so very much!

When away from Lithuania, my work was sustained and animated by too many people to be listed here. Francis, thank you for being such a kind and loving support during all this proc- ess, for scrutinising both my English language and Foucaultian interpretations of Soviet techno-scientific governance of culture and for with equal zest making England my third home.

The list contained entries on music and fine arts, libraries and houses of culture, 1 theatre and sculpture, and specialised and higher education in the arts, but none on cinema, radio, television or publishing. Weinberger Penguin, New York, Vintage Books,xv. Why were some objects listed as governable by the Ministry of Culture and others not?

What kind of governmental rationales and techniques made that list possible? Indeed, the fact that I ended up sitting with this list was a consequence of one question: What does it mean to govern and what makes culture governable? That question underlies this study, which deals with the construction of state cultural policy in Lithuania as just such a project of governance and knowledge.

When I began my academic career as an art historian and curator of contemporary art in Lithuania, I was rather taken aback by how easy it was for young creators to receive financial and institutional support from state institu- tions in order to implement their ideas.

A state-subsidised cultural newspaper would then pay an art critic to go butous that gallery and describe his or her impressions of this rooster. Organizxcijos the one hand, I found it incredibly stimulating that individual crea- tive ideas could iir implemented.

Why should culture, in its most diverse guises, matter not only to private connoisseurs but also to the state? It was from this personal practical experience that I became interested in organizacijso cultural policy. The chronological orientation of this study is the result of another side- ways manoeuvre. During the early stages of my research, my initial idea was to explore the post-Soviet transformation of state cultural policy in the transition from authoritarian to liberal democratic policy in Vaddyba.

The s were a time of energetic economic transformation in the post-Soviet countries, and state administration of culture was no exception in this process. During my pilot fieldwork, I encountered an interesting phenomenon. As I mentioned, in the Lithuania of it was possible to get state funding to exhibit a rooster in a gallery: Essays in Hounour of Pekka Pesonen, eds.

Darbas. Vadyba. Gyvenimas

Helsinki University, For a good discussion of the history of a list-making and its analytical consequences for organising, see Geoffrey C. Classification and Its Consequences Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT Press, This means that administration and legis- lation were developed orgznizacijos relation to state intervention in cultural practices. This was a puzzle, leading me to wonder: What does it mean for an administrative body to govern something so broadly defined as culture?


I began my pilot fieldwork by examining cultural policy documents writ- ten during the 13 post-Soviet yearsand I was quite struck by a peculiar discourse. The category includes cultural intellectuals, policy-makers, artists, and other employees of cultural sector. Baltic and East European Graduate School, From where did the policy document writers draw this vocabulary?

How did this imagination of governance come into being? This dissertation explores the historical creation of this butkjs of the steering of culture, the construction of state cultural policy as a special mode of governance, based on measurement and calculation and assisted by scientific knowledge and technologies. It suggests that this creation started neither with the collapse of the Soviet Union innor with the Soviet occupation of Lithuania in A crucial date wasthe year that vadybq American mathe- matician Norbert Wiener published Cybernetics: Or Control butkjs Communica- tion vaydba the Animal and the Machine.

It appeared exactly years after The Communist Manifesto by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, the little book that gave vadjba to the language and imagination and went on to inspire many scien- tists, cultural intellectuals and managers and to change their understanding of governance. The development of state cultural policy, as the British sociologist Jim Vavyba has noted, could be seen as part of the larger ambition of the modern state to regulate wide spheres of life: Both in the democratic West and the Soviet Union, the de- velopment of cybernetics was strongly affected by Cold War polarisation.

The rise of cybernetics coincided with Soviet rule in Lithuania; thus, my study turned organizacijis to the pre period, and my reconstruction found itself embedded in the narrative of the demise and fall of the Soviet Union. Open University Press, It examines the continuities and disruptions of this modern state cultural policy under changing political regimes.

In Lithuania, such a modern state cultural policy was first formulated when the nation-state was ubtkus in and lasted for about 22 years, until it was Sovietised. Modern Soviet cultural policy was the product of the Russian Revolution. The Soviet Union developed its own particular ver- sion of illiberal Marxist-Leninist cultural policy, which was imposed on Lithua- nia and the other occupied Baltic countries.

Sheila Fitzpatrick demonstrated that the formulation of early Soviet cultural policy was marked by struggles and fierce disagreements among leaders and artists, which took place in the context of social and economic changes in Russia between and World War II.

Nevertheless, it experienced further changes during de- Hutkus postmany of which were associated with a scientific- technological leap after World War II. Why focus on cybernetics? A wide range of contemporary scholars from various disci- plines, such as Katherine Hayles, Bosse Holmqvist and Organizacjos Noble drew at- tention to the impact of cybernetics on contemporary notions of control and governance in the neo liberal democratic West.

Sheila Fitzpatrick, The Commissariat of Enlightenment. Cambridge University Press, Noble, Forces of Production: Oxford University Press, Routledge, An International Journal 19, no.

Oorganizacijos this view was rather popular in the West, the Soviet Union officially fostered strongly negative attitude.

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