Genus Baphia refers to using the heartwood of the plant to extract a red dye. Species nitida refers to the wood having a polished surface. Ethnobotanical Uses . Widespread in west Africa, there are no major threats to this species at present. However, it is largely utilized locally throughout its range as a source of building. Kingdom: Plantae. Phylum/Division: Magnoliophyta. Class: Eudicots. Order: Fabales. Family: Fabaceae. Genus: Baphia. Species: B. nitida. Common Names .

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The roots are crushed, mixed with water, and skins are steeped in the dye bath, taking up the red dye within about one day.

QR Code What’s this? It is an extremely variable species. It carves and turns well and planes smoothly. Combined with Senna occidentalis, it is drunk against asthma; in combination with the leaves of Morinda lucida it is a treatment against female sterility and painful menstruation[ ].

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The ethnobotany of the Kwanyama Ovambos. Baphia pubescens differs from Baphia nitida in its leaves, which are hairy below, and in its hairy ovary. Camwood Scientific classification Kingdom: Journal of the Chemical Society.


There are citation in web searches related to Baphia nitida Lodd.

This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Le monde des teintures naturelles. Using different mordants, applied before and after the dye bath, and baphka mixtures with other dyewoods, a wide range of colours from red to brown, green, grey, purplish and black can be obtained.

The leaves nihida leaf juice are applied against parasitic skin diseases, and a leaf infusion is drunk to cure enteritis and other gastrointestinal problems. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies. The useful plants of West Tropical Africa.

Phytotherapy Research 6 3: By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. An infusion of the leaves is drunk to cure enteritis and other gastrointestinal problems[ ].

For best results cuttings should be taken from rather young parts. In Benin a decoction of nitiad leaves is taken against jaundice and diabetes; in combination with leaves of Morinda lucida Benth. Baphia nitida x – 31k – jpg tropicalplant.


The powdered heartwood is also use medicinally, mixed with shea butter from the savannah tree Vitellaria paradoxa to ease joint and muscle pain. Seeds almost circular in outline, 1—1. Citation in web searches. Email us at dbsthh nus.

Camwood (Baphia nitida)

The leaves have inflammatory activities, antidiarrheal effects, and analgesic activities. In Nigeria the seeds are eaten by Igbo people and the twigs are used as chewing sticks. Finely ground root bark, mixed with honey, is taken against asthma[ ].

The powdered heartwood is made into an ointment with shea butter Vitellaria paradoxa and is applied to stiff and swollen joints, sprains and rheumatic complaints[ ]. The seeds are edible.

It prefers moist soil. Pterocarpin is a pterocarpan found in B. The twigs are used as chewing sticks[ ]. To extract the dye the wood is cut baohia much smaller pieces or pulverized.

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