Abortus insipiens (inevitable abortion) is a abortion ongoing where expulsion konspsi results have not occurred but had no cervical dilation. Abortus spontan. – abortus imminens. – abortus insipiens. – Missed Abortion. – abortus habitualis. – abortus infeksiosa & septik. – abortus. Abortus Pengeluaran hasil konsepsi sebelum janin mampu hidup luar kandungan. Batasan: kehamilan < 20 minggu. BJ < gram.
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Thank God we pray to the presence of God Almighty because with mercy, grace, and His Taufik and guidance we can finish the paper on a disease which is common in women and children despite the many flaws in it. And we also thank the mother Rachmania as Lecturer of English courses that have given this task to us. We sincerely hope that this paper can be useful in order to increase our insight and knowledge about the disease that can occur in mothers and children and know how to prevent and treat it.
We are also fully aware that in this paper there is a shortage and far from perfect. Therefore, we hope the criticisms, suggestions and proposals for the improvement of paper that we have made in the future, remember nothing is perfect without constructive suggestions. Hopefully this simple paper is understandable for anyone who read it. Had this paper has been prepared to be useful for our own as well as those who read it.
Previously we apologize if there are errors of words that are less pleasing, and we invoke criticism and constructive suggestions from you for the improvement of this paper in the future. One of aim national development is to build a Human Resources. HR quality to enable them to continue the struggle for national development to get to the family prosperousequitable and prosperous.
Chickenpox in medical language called variolawhereas in English called small pox. Diseases caused by viruses poks pox virus has existed since centuries ago and is very contagious.
Symptoms that occur to those who are infected are feverand emerging bubbles simultaneously pus in the skin of the face, hands, feetand finally the whole body. The disease is often fatalespecially if the infant or elderly. For those who can heal too, will give marks on the skin in the form of pockmarks. Diabetes Mellitus DM is one of the health issues that have an impact on productivity and can degrade Human Resources. This disease does not only affect the individualbut the health system of a country.
Although there is no national surveyin line with lifestyle changes including diet Indonesian society is estimated sufferers. Hypertension is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality maternal and fetal or neonatal. Kehamilanmerupakan hypertension in a vascular abnormality that occurs before kahamilan or arising in pregnancy or in the early postpartum. The disease is common and is still one maternal death. In the USA for example, one third of maternal deaths due to this disease.
Whitish is a very common symptom experienced by most women. This disorder is a second problem after menstrual disorders. Whitish often not taken seriously by the teens. Though vaginal discharge may be an indication of disease. Kidney is an important organ in the body and serves to dispose of metabolic waste and toxins in the form of urinewhich is then excreted from the body. But in certain circumstances because of the disorder of the kidneysthese functions will change.
Chronic renal failure usually occurs slowly so generally known after falling in severe conditions. Chronic renal failure is not curable.
Chronic renal failure can occur at any ageincluding children and all socioeconomic levels. The varicella virus can remain in the body for decades and become active again in adults, causing herpes zoster shingles. Shingles involves the occurrence of painful skin sores along the distribution of nerves across the trunk or face. A pregnant woman with diabetes is classified according to when she was diagnoseg with diabetes.
If the diabetes antedated the pregnancy, the classification is pregestational diabetes, if she was first diagnosed with diabetes while pregnant, she has gestasional diabetes. Pregestational diabetics, like all nonpregnant diabetics, are classified as either type I or type II. Type I diabetes is true insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus and corresponds roughly with the white classification for pregnant women of class B,C,D,F, and above.
Generally,the onset of diabetes occurs before age The individual with type I diabetes will have ketoacidosis unless given exogenous insulin and has circulating immune markers characteristic of diabetes. Type II diabetes is not necessarily insulin-dependent and usually begins when the individual is over age Woman with type II diabetes are generally overweight and do not have the immune markers of diabetes.
Because of its later onset, type II diabetes is uncommon in pregnancy. Blood glucose levels in type II diabetes mellitus can ussually be controlled with diet,exercise and oral hypoglycemic agents.
Pregestational diabetes both type I and type II is associated with fetal anomalies that are related primarily to maternal ketoacidosis. The fact that small for dates infants are born to women with type I diabetes is aboruts related to the vascular changes of long term diabetes. Insipidns with type II diabetes are at risk for hypertensive disorders and macrosomia, which may be the result of obesity common in women with type II diabetes as well as poor glucose control.
Gestational diabetes is abnormal carbohydrate metabolism that is diagnosed during pregnancy. The diagnosis of diabetes mellitus cannot be made until postpartum glucose testing confirms persistent blood glucose abnormality.
Women with gestational diabetes can usually maintain blood glucose levels with out episodes of ketoacidosis by careful attention to glucose monitoring, diet, and exercise. A small percentage of women with gestational diabetes include macrosomia and the abortsu risks of operative delivery and shoulder dystocia.
The mother with gestational diabetes faces long-range risks.
Women with gestational diabetes have a high risks of gestational diabetes in subsequent pregnancies and a high risk of diabetes mellitus in later life. The midwife should screen all pregnant women for whom there are no initial risk factors for diabetes mellitus at 28 weeks gestation.
If the screening test is normal, no further testing is needed. A women who exhibits any of the following should be screened three times during the course abortuz her pregnancy: A women with secondary risk factors such as preeclampsia, polyhydramnios, or a large-for-gesta-tional-age fetus should be screened when these riskfactors are first noted, regardless of any previous screening with negative results, and again at 34 to 36 weeks gestation.
There is a seerningly unending controverssy as to which test represents the epitome of simplicity and reliability. The fasting blood sugar should not be used alone for diabetic screening purposes, because the fasting blood sugar in gestational diabetics is normal.
Postprandial screening has generally been replaced with glucose load challenge screening tests. The 1-hr glucose challenge screen has an exceptionally high incidence of false-positive outcomes, which means that a larger number of unnecessary 3-hr glucose tolerance tests GTTs will be done. Insippiens 3-hr test will not miss any woman with diabetes, however.
[Treatment of threatened early abortion (6thth week of pregnancy) of Th a (Partusisten)].
The 2-hr glucose challenge screening test has a lower rate of false positives. Some women with diabetes, however, may be missed by this test. The most efficacious diabetic screening is done by a combination of the fasting blood sugar and either the 1-hr or 2-hr postglucose challenge.
A combination of the fasting blood sugar and the 1-hr screen gives the greatest sensitivity for abnormal glucose tolerance. A properly done glucose challenge requires that the woman have nothing to eat or drink from the previous midnight.
She should drink from the previous midnight. She should drink the entire glucose mixture flavored glucose within 10 min.
While she waits the 1 or 2 hr for the second blood test, she should not eat or drink other than water and should not moderately or vigorously exercise or smoke. Most laboratories have established their laboratory values on the basis of using g of the glocose mix contains g of glucose. However, insipiejs have now been established agortus use of 50 g or 75 g of the glucose mixture. The normal range of blood glucose levels for any screening test depends on the amount of glucose mixture used and whether plasma or whole blood levels are used by an individual laboratory.
Blood pressure is the amount of force exerted by the blood against the walls of the arteries. In general, high blood pressure, or hypertension, contributes to the development of coronary heart disease, stroke, heart failure and kidney disease.
Although many pregnant women with high blood pressure have healthy babies without serious problems, high blood pressure can be dangerous for both the mother and the fetus. Women with pre-existing, or chronic, high blood pressure are more likely to have certain complications during pregnancy tha those with normal blood pressure. However, some women develop high blood pressure while they are pregnant often called gestational hypertension.
The effects of high blood pressure range from mild to severe. When preeclampsia causes seizures, inspiens condition is known as eclampsia—the second leading cause of maternal death in the U.
Preeclampsia is also a leading cause of fetal complications, which include low birth weight, premature birth, and stillbirth. There is no proven way to prevent preeclampsia. Most women who develop signs of preeclampsia, however, are closely monitored to lessen or avoid related problems. High blood pressure problems occur in 6 percent to 8 percent of all pregnancies in the U. Inmore thancases of preeclampsia alone were diagnosed. Although the proportion of pregnancies with gestational hypertension and eclampsia has remained abortux the same in the U.
This increase is due in part insipiesn a rise in the numbers of older mothers and of multiple births, where preeclampsia occurs more frequently.
For example, in birth rates among women ages 30 to 44 and the number of births to women ages 45 and older were at the highest levels in 3 decades, according to the National Center for Health Statistics.
Furthermore, between andrates of twin births wbortus about 50 percent unsipiens and 1, percent among women ages 45 to 49; rates of triplet and other higher-order multiple births jumped more than percent anortus, and 1, baortus among women in their 40s.
Unfortunately, there is no single test to predict or diagnose preeclampsia. Key signs are increased blood pressure and protein in the urine proteinuria.
Other symptoms that seem to occur with preeclampsia include persistent headaches, blurred vision inipiens sensitivity to light, and abdominal pain. All of these sensations can be caused by other insipiena they can also occur in healthy pregnancies. Regular visits insipjens your doctor help him or her to track your blood pressure and level of protein in your urine, to order and analyze blood tests that detect signs of preeclampsia, and to monitor fetal development more closely.
If you are thinking about having a baby and you have high blood pressure, talk first to your doctor or nurse. The effects of high blood pressure during pregnancy vary depending on the disorder and other factors.
The NHBPEP also reports that in women with normal blood pressure who develop preeclampsia after the 20th week of their first pregnancy, short-term complications—including increased blood pressure—usually go away within about 6 weeks after delivery. Some women, however, may be more likely to develop high blood pressure or other heart disease later in life. More research is needed to determine the long-term health effects of hypertensive disorders in pregnancy and to develop better methods for identifying, diagnosing, and treating women at risk for these conditions.
Even though high blood pressure and related disorders during pregnancy can be serious, most women with high blood pressure and those who develop preeclampsia have successful pregnancies.